Au cours de la dernière décennie, le débat sur l'immigration a pris une place centrale en Occident. Pourtant, la complexité du sujet et l'extrême polarisation des partis pris ont empêché l'émergence d'une vision claire de ses enjeux réels, au moins en matière économique. Entre une ouverture laxiste des frontières et les fantasmes de fermeture totale, l'antagonisme des débats s'est durci. Professeur à Oxford, Paul Collier nous fait quitter les culs-de-sac fondamentalistes pour entrer dans une analyse rigoureuse et implacable des enjeux économiques du phénomène migratoire.
Il montre comment le creusement d'inégalités gigantesques partout dans le monde accélère les flux et risque de déséquilibrer dangereusement les relations entre les pays et le fonctionnement même de nos sociétés. Son immense mérite est de ne pas céder à une vision émotionnelle de l'immigration et d'en examiner les conséquences pour l'immigré lui-même mais aussi pour les pays de départ et d'accueil.
A rebours du discours le plus consensuel, il décrit, chiffres à l'appui, une réalité renversée où ce que l'on présente d'ordinaire comme un progrès revient bien souvent à une précarisation de la société d'accueil, à l'appauvrissement accru des pays de départ et à un monde toujours plus incertain. Exodus est d'ores et déjà considéré comme un classique dans le monde anglo-saxon.
The Bottom Billion is an elegant and impassioned synthesis from one of the world's leading experts on Africa and poverty. It was hailed as "the best non-fiction book so far this year" by Nicholas Kristoff of The New York Times.
Deep new rifts are tearing apart the fabric of Britain and other Western societies: thriving cities versus the provinces, the highly skilled elite versus the less educated, wealthy versus developing countries. As these divides deepen, we have lost the sense of ethical obligation to others that was crucial to the rise of post-war social democracy. So far these rifts have been answered only by the revivalist ideologies of populism and socialism, leading to the seismic upheavals of Trump, Brexit and the return of the far right in Germany. We have heard many critiques of capitalism but no one has laid out a realistic way to fix it, until now. In a passionate and polemical book, celebrated economist Paul Collier outlines brilliantly original and ethical ways of healing these rifts - economic, social and cultural - with the cool head of pragmatism, rather than the fervour of ideological revivalism. He reveals how he has personally lived across these three divides, moving from working-class Sheffield to hyper-competitive Oxford, and working between Britain and Africa, and acknowledges some of the failings of his profession. Drawing on his own solutions as well as ideas from some of the world's most distinguished social scientists, he shows us how to save capitalism from itself - and free ourselves from the intellectual baggage of the 20th century.
Looks at how people from the world's poorest societies struggle to migrate to the rich West: the effects on those left behind and on the host societies, and explores the impulses and thinking that inform Western immigration policy.
How can we help poorer countries become richer without harming the planet? Is there a way of reconciling prosperity with nature? World-renowned economist Paul Collier offers smart, surprising and above all realistic answers to this dilemma. Steering a path between the desires of unchecked profiteering and the romantic views of environmentalists, he explores creative ways to deal with poverty, overpopulation and climate change -showing that the solutions needn't cost the earth. The book proposes a radical rethinking of international policies and uniquely, offers real solutions backed up by real data from research Collier has spearheaded.
Two of the UK''s leading economists call for an end to extreme individualism as the engine of prosperity br>br>Throughout history, successful societies have created institutions which channel both competition and co-operation to achieve complex goals of general benefit. These institutions make the difference between societies that thrive and those paralyzed by discord, the difference between prosperous and poor economies. Such societies are pluralist but their pluralism is disciplined.br>br>Successful societies are also rare and fragile. We could not have built modernity without the exceptional competitive and co-operative instincts of humans, but in recent decades the balance between these instincts has become dangerously skewed: mutuality has been undermined by an extreme individualism which has weakened co-operation and polarized our politics.br>br>Collier and Kay show how a reaffirmation of the values of mutuality could refresh and restore politics, business and the environments in which people live. Politics could reverse the moves to extremism and tribalism; businesses could replace the greed that has degraded corporate culture; the communities and decaying places that are home to many could overcome despondency and again be prosperous and purposeful. As the world emerges from an unprecedented crisis we have the chance to examine society afresh and build a politics beyond individualism.>